Black Seminole History
Black Seminole Scouts in Texas
The Black Seminoles, based in Fort Clark and Camp Del Rio, were freed and runaway slaves who had served for several years with Civil War veteran John L. Bullis as their lieutenant. Their tenure in the US Military was decorated with countless battles won and lives saved from the violence that was taking place on the border through most of the 1870s. Details about these brave and courageous men and women have been passed down in oral and written history, so we know that, during their assignment, the Black Seminoles were known for their incredible tracking and survival skills under highly dangerous missions. It’s widely known that no Black Seminole lives were lost in battle during their time serving along the US border. The closeness of the family members was one of the main factors in their survival and in the successful protection of the region.